This case contains a book containing a mirrored image of an Indian rhinoceros from Conrad Gesner’s Historiae animalium, 1551. This late Renaissance book presented a composite cultural and natural understanding of animals – animals in complex social and associative relationships. The interwoven facts and fictions provide a rich cultural biography of each animal. His book … Read more 29


These cases contain forms of restraint – chains and rope. In January 1515 the Nossa Senhora da Ajuda, set sail for Lisbon from Goa, laden with a cargo of spices and a single rhinoceros in the hull. This two-ton pachyderm serving as both cargo and ballast sailed for 120 days chained below deck, surviving on … Read more 22


Excrement from 5 different rhino species, labelled with the names of 5 significant specimens from zoos. Pretoria Zoo 1946 – Cerotherium simum. The first white rhinoceros shown in captivity. “Zulana” from the Umfolozi Game Reserve was born on 23 July 1946. London Docks 1872 – Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. The first Sumatran rhinoceros born in captivity – … Read more 21


Chalk written texts are employed as didactic moments in the exhibit. These cases hold the scientific names of the five extant species of rhinoceros.  Ceratotherium simum White rhinos are the second largest land mammal. They have a square upper lip, from which is derived their name from the German “weit” (wide). Two sub-species exist in … Read more 20


The cases list the weight, height, length and brain size of a rhinoceros – averaging over the five different species. Height: 1,3 – 1,9 m Length: 2,8 – 4 m Mass: 800 – 2300 kg Brain size: 400–600 g Research on the rhinoceros brain is fairly limited. Differences in the white and black rhino brain … Read more 19


This case contains images of banknotes from countries around the world, including: Tanzania, Sudan, Namibia, South Africa, India, Congo, Indonesia, Swaziland and Nepal. The first paper banknote is believed to have originated in China during the 7th century. In the 16th century, during Albrecht Dürer’s lifetime, goldsmith-bankers began to accept gold coin deposits in exchange for … Read more 18


Herbert Lang joined the taxidermy department at the America Museum in 1903, initially working on bird exhibits. He accompanied game hunter Richard Tjader on an expedition to Kenya in 1906, from which they brought 178 mammal specimens back to the museum. In 1909 he undertook the Congo Expedition with James Chapin. Here he collected the … Read more 14


In this cabinet Catholic host wafers are emblazoned with a gold cross of the Order of Christ, an icon associated with the Portuguese voyages of discovery and flown on the caravels that sailed around the African coast in the 1500s. The Belém Monstrance was made in 1506 from gold brought to Lisbon by Vasco da … Read more 13