A case labelled “woodcutting tools belonging to Albrecht Durer, 1515”

Dürer typically made relief prints, a technique whereby a matrix is incised, charged with ink and printed onto paper. Woodcuts are made using the long grain of a section of wood, whereas wood engravings are cut into the end grain, which allows for finer detail. Sharp gouges, cutting knives, chisels and burins are used to remove the wood, and the image is held on the surface that remains. Dürer most likely used a hard wood such as pear or cherry.